|Title||PAD-based multimodal affective fusion|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Gilroy, Stephen W., Marc Cavazza, Markus Niranen, Elisabeth André, Thurid Vogt, Jerome Urbain, Maurice Benayoun, Hartmut Seichter, and Mark Billinghurst|
|Conference Name||Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction and Workshops, 2009. ACII 2009. 3rd International Conference on|
|Keywords||affective content fusion, affective interface technology, affective modalities, Appraisal, Atherosclerosis, Digital art, dimensional model, Displays, emotion recognition, Humans, image fusion, Merging, multimodal affective fusion, multimodality, pleasure-arousal-dominance, real-time multimodal fusion, Robustness, Speech, temporal fusion, User interfaces, user temperament scores|
The study of multimodality is comparatively less developed for Affective interfaces than for their traditional counterparts. However, one condition for the successful development of Affective interface technologies is the development of frameworks for the real-time multimodal fusion. In this paper, we describe an approach to multimodal affective fusion, which relies on a dimensional model, Pleasure-Arousal-Dominance (PAD) to support the fusion of affective modalities, each input modality being represented as a PAD vector. We describe how this model supports both affective content fusion and temporal fusion within a unified approach. We report results from early user studies which confirm the existence of a correlation between measured affective input and user temperament scores.